Guatemala

ACCION PURA VIDA

Comunidades y Escuelas Eco-Sostenibles

ACERCA DEL PROGRAMA

Nuestro meta es el de apoyar a las comunidades a alcanzar el desarrollo sustentable, creando así espacios dignos para encuentros comunitarios mediante la pertinencia cultural, educación ambiental y el sentido de pertenencia.

NUESTROS OBJETIVOS

Objetivos Generales 

•Construir salones tipo estándar para diferentes usos (salones de usos múltiples, aulas, baños, bibliotecas, etc.)

 

Objetivos Específicos 

•Reducir el impacto ambiental de la basura y los desechos sólidos reciclables.

•Crear espacios comunitarios que sirvan como medios de reducción de violencias. 

•Crear un medio para unir a la comunidad para constituir acciones de bien común.

•Crear una cultura de reciclaje mediante la educación, concientización, motivación y acción.

Como construir una escuela con botellas

1.

Collect Bottles and Trash

Childrenand adults from the community collect bottles and inorganic trash from surrounding rivers, streets and countryside. It takes around 6,500 bottles stuffed full of trash such as chip packets and plastic bags to build a two-classroom school.

2.

Make ECO Bricks

Community members stuff the bottles full of cleaned inorganic trash, using sticks or pieces of rebar. You can fit a lot of trash into a plastic bottle! It’s important that the bottles are stuffed full, until they are hard like bricks, and that there is no air inside the bottles.

3.

Dig Foundations

Foundations are dug for the bottle school, in the same way as with a regular cinder-block school. The depth of the foundations depends on local soil conditions.

4.

Assemble the frame

This is the most time-consuming part of the construction process, and the most important for the structural integrity of the school. First the floor beam is poured, then the columns, the intermediate beam and the upper beam, and finally the roof beams. It’s important to use the correct mix of concrete and enough rebar!

5.

Insert pins into the columns and beams

Before the columns and beams dry and harden, pins are inserted into them. These are used to attach the chicken wire (see next step).

6.

Attach Chicken Wire to the Pins

Chicken wire is rolled out and pulled as tight as possible before the pins are bent to secure the chicken wire in place

7.

Tie bottles to the Chicken Wire

Bottles are tied to the chicken wire, row by row. We work in teams of two – one person places the bottles against the chicken wire, while the other passes through a loop of nylon thread and pulls it tight around each bottle

8.

Spread
Cement

Once all the bottles are in place in one wall, a second layer of chicken wire is pulled tightly over them, so that the bottles are sandwiched in between two layers of chicken wire. Next, three layers of cement stucco are applied on top of the bottles, the final layer providing a smooth, clean finish.

Como construir una escuela con botellas

1.

Collect Bottles and Trash

Childrenand adults from the community collect bottles and inorganic trash from surrounding rivers, streets and countryside. It takes around 6,500 bottles stuffed full of trash such as chip packets and plastic bags to build a two-classroom school.

2.

Make ECO Bricks

Community members stuff the bottles full of cleaned inorganic trash, using sticks or pieces of rebar. You can fit a lot of trash into a plastic bottle! It’s important that the bottles are stuffed full, until they are hard like bricks, and that there is no air inside the bottles.

3.

Dig Foundations

Foundations are dug for the bottle school, in the same way as with a regular cinder-block school. The depth of the foundations depends on local soil conditions.

4.

Assemble the frame

This is the most time-consuming part of the construction process, and the most important for the structural integrity of the school. First the floor beam is poured, then the columns, the intermediate beam and the upper beam, and finally the roof beams. It’s important to use the correct mix of concrete and enough rebar!

5.

Insert pins into the columns and beams

Before the columns and beams dry and harden, pins are inserted into them. These are used to attach the chicken wire (see next step).

6.

Attach Chicken Wire to the Pins

Chicken wire is rolled out and pulled as tight as possible before the pins are bent to secure the chicken wire in place

7.

Tie bottles to the Chicken Wire

Bottles are tied to the chicken wire, row by row. We work in teams of two – one person places the bottles against the chicken wire, while the other passes through a loop of nylon thread and pulls it tight around each bottle

8.

Spread
Cement

Once all the bottles are in place in one wall, a second layer of chicken wire is pulled tightly over them, so that the bottles are sandwiched in between two layers of chicken wire. Next, three layers of cement stucco are applied on top of the bottles, the final layer providing a smooth, clean finish.

9.

Add
The Roof

Affix the rafters and secure corrugated tin roofing on top using the same method as building a traditional roof.

10.

Lay
The Floor

Level the ground and lay gravel. Pour the concrete floor and smooth it out.

11.

Add the
Doors And Windows

Finally, we add the metal doors and windows

12.

Inaugurate
And Celebrate

The whole community comes together to dedicate the school and celebrate the possibilities that have been created by this newfound educational opportunity

con el apoyo de: